Correctly this is done by weight and yes it does change with time, root mass, humidity, temperature and growers temperament (thumb on scale syndrome). Growing with COCO Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as `coir dust’. Grades of coco often used in slabs may consist of larger particles or `flakes’ of coco which allow a good degree of drainage and resist packing down over time as commonly occurs on substrates such as peat. Physical and chemical properties of coir dust. Green or newly harvested mulch is actually the dust (and broken fibers) generated by removing the fibers from the husk of a coconut. Unlike peat based products that try to go back to a pH of 4.5 or less within 3 months of being planted. Growing marijuana in coco coir is a fantastic alternative cultivation style. Fig E : Change in nutrient concentration affects growth at the top and bottom of the plant, Marigold, var. To compensate and get the water in the seawater solution (it is a solution of water plus many and varied salts) to move into the plant, the palm concentrates salts in the areas between the cell walls known as interstitial spaces. The thinking then was that it had too many issues to use as a straight mix but did have some interesting side results when used as a fraction in a potting mix, or as a soil amendment to improve soil structure. Fig D2 : Spicy Globe Basil crop in CANNA Buffered Coco using CANNA Coco A/B nutrients. This affectively shows an increase in the internal EC while allowing the actual cells to function normally. Most nutrients on the market deliver extra Ca and Mg for coco coir growing. The Coco growing ‘system’, medium and nutrient line up, were engineered through years of in-house research and countless field tests to provide the correct growing solution, the exact composition and concentration of all the things required for using coco as a growing medium. Many coconut sources were retted in seawater and contaminated with very high levels of sodium and unpredictable levels of naturally occurring potassium. In this manner, most ‘salt burn’ situations arise, but not all. Even more air space can be achieved by increasing the fraction of coco fibers and husks. Coir pith consists of a mixture of shorter fibres and corklike particles ranging in size from granules to fine dust. Peppers, cucumbers, thyme, and tomato on coco. When the medium is not taken into account, the results can be disastrous. We believe that Fig C1: The Feel Test: looks like time to water. Canna has a two part base to their nutrient line called Canna A and Canna B. Additionally, the process of harvesting the fibers also increase EC levels because the coconut husks are first soaked in seawater (the most abundant water supply close to where coconuts grow), which imparts its salts into all the pores of the coconut material. (Fig A-2) In typical soils and container mixes, fertilized at recommended levels, the EC of the root zone moisture (which includes nutrients [salts]) is lower than the internal EC of the root cells, allowing water to move, or diffuse, across the barrier membranes. figure 6: finer grades of coco can be used to germinate seeds and raise seedlings. The medium sets its pH at between 5.2 and 6.2, perfect range, and will hold it there. Plants thrive in coco when everything is right. coco will drain and dry up very quickly and when it dries it creates lockouts. New posts: Hot thread with new posts: No new posts: Hot thread with no new posts If you are familiar with growing in soil, you will certainly feel like you are over-watering in coco. Coco is especially suited for growing cannabis because: It is difficult to over-water when growing cannabis in a coco-perlite mix. If the surface of the coco is dry, your coco watering frequency should be increased. Coconut peat has some wonderful physical properties that greatly benefit plant growth. The husk of coconuts yields not only very coarse long fibres which are used to make a wide range of products such as rope, carpets, mats, brushes, basket liners and others, but between these coarse fibres is a corky substance called coir pith, coir dust, coco peat or coir peat. figure 2: Coco propagation blocks being used to raise cucumber seedlings. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. At the right point in decomposition, the coco peat can be used as a stand-alone medium with no need to add perlite or other persistent amendments. Patrick and Jörg, two employees from the very beginning of the store, took over the business and continued under the name Growhaus. Growing with COCO Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as 'coir dust'. The pH stays correct and only the structure changes limiting the useful period. Unfortunately, it does not stop here and is capable of moving the other way. This makes them very popular, and one of the best nutrients for growing cannabis in coco. When decomposition occurs, these salts come out in very high amounts, especially Potassium, the most prevalent element found as an ion (salt). Dwarf Bolero. This results in a totally renewable and biodegradable medium that resists compaction. Coco was initially seen as a replacement for peat in greenhouse production – coco does not have the water repellence of dry peat, or the low pH values. There is no oil on its surface, unlike peat moss, so wetting the particle is never an issue. For even more info on CANNA COCO, get the COCO leaflet or COCO InfoPaper at your favorite gardening store or check out the Grow Guide. Regardless of the media you grow in, or whether you are brand new or have been growing for years, Coco for Cannabis is your cannabis grow guide! All usable nutrients become available to the plants internal processes as ions, or charged atoms or functional groups like nitrate. Hey, so this is how I water my marijuana plants that are growing in coco. I was first made aware of the product as a potential additive to mineral soil or peat lite mixes in the early 1980’s. Growing in coco tips Controlling the decomposition process, adding the correct nutrient buffer to adjust the ratio, feeding the plants the correct ratio of nutrients to offset the coco ‘release’ will produce the perfect growing conditions. Our Canna Coco feeding chart will show the optimal level of nutrients (A&B, Cannazyme, Rhizotonic, Boost, and PK 13/14). All this is done without steam sterilizing, which resulted in other beneficial consequences. Easy to follow instructions to produce … figure 4: Coco is available in a range of grades from very coarse 'orchid fibre' seen here, to fine 'coco dust'. The structure remains intact, the Potassium release remains a known variable, and the product is still delivered free from weeds, insects, disease and other soil borne problems. Pre wrapped slabs of compressed coco can be less than one inch thick but when expanded with water within their plastic sleeve give a full sized growing slab comparable in volume to rockwool. To begin, it is renewable so no stripping of natures resources. CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. Canna Coco is another popular company for cannabis plant growers. Canna has been making grow medium, and grow nutrients since the early nineties. Often, piles of coir dust were not left to decompose sufficiently and the resulting coco had a high nitrogen draw down index, this meant that under soilless cultivation, even with well balanced nutrients, nitrogen deficiencies in the early stages of growth were common. Some of this will be unavailable to your plants. These particles hold onto no ions, only what may fill and dry on the particles themselves, so as long as the medium is moist, nutrients are available. Roots are one of the most important parts of the plant for taking up nutrients and water.... You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. CANNA coco coir is triple-washed, buffered, and ph-neutral, just like good coco should be. (Fig E) CANNA COCO nutrients (and COGr) are designed to work with the exact properties of CANNA Buffered COCO (and COGr board). These represent your "Grow" and "Bloom" nutrient as referred to in most nutrient line up. Fig D1 : The numbers of different crops that can be successfully produced on coco is huge. when i was growing in coco i watered every day practically and fed nearly just as much. This company is loved by many cannabis growers and has received great reviews from many growers all … They also affect the availability of each other as similar charges. The most popular brand of Coco used by cannabis growers is Canna. Also, the state of decomposition is at its highest, so what is left will not last long, even being washed easily from the container. Fig B: Buffers work to balance out the give and take of elements in the medium. High quality coco substrates on the market for soilless cropping have often been specifically processed for this use right from the point of removal from the coconuts, through to preconditioning, buffering and pre treatment. Growing in Coco Coir forum at International Cannagraphic Magazine. This debris was deposited around the landscape of producing countries in giant, rotting piles. Step-by-Step Grow Cannabis Coco Coir Tutorial 1.) Ideally, the coco peat has to go further to actually work with the plant correctly, but by then much of the structure is lost and the usable time in situ is severely shortened. While a high moisture holding content in fine coco dust is an advantage in some situations, it can create problems with over saturation of the root zone. Coco fibre is also the term often used to refer to the general purpose grade of coco which is ideal for growing longer term crops under soilless cultivation. This is unusable at this point. These days good quality coco has proven to be a superior growth substrate for a large number of different crops, with the advantage of being from a renewable and environmentally sound resource. Consequently, plants that do not have enough of some ions like Calcium (there are several) from under feeding or washing out, will show deficiency in these and other elements while the Potassium builds up in the plant tissue ultimately to express as margin burning on the leaf surface, mostly at the tip. (Fig D-1, 2) There is one company that provides all the right components, CANNA. This effectively limits excess water while holding water in a reserve status. Cannabis plants grown in coco tend to do well when they’re getting water every 1-2 days. In my travels and correspondence around the world, I find much confusion centered on the use of coconut husk litter, commonly known (after aging) as coco peat or mulch, in crop production. Acta Hort. As root zone EC reaches EC levels of the plant, water movement slows and eventually halts. Coco substrates also had a high cation exchange capacity and retained calcium, phosphate and iron meaning these became unavailable for plant uptake until the coco had been in use for some time and had fully `conditioned’. (Fig B) It is equally important to water correctly. Consider coco as needing to be ‘fed’ along with the plants. In a solution with other ions, and no controls, they still combine or associate with other ions of opposite charge. Suppliers of high grade coco also carry out regular testing of their product to check for any irregularities in supply and to correct for these. You want to water everyday, unlike soil because coco is a hydroponics media. The disadvantage of slabs is that they need a very level surface to sit on so that drainage is even and they don’t provide the depth of growing substrate that a planter bag or pot can for larger plants. The first thing the inexperienced grower assumes is that they are feeding too high and have salt issues so they back up the feed concentration and leach the medium. 2.) CANNA COCO has a high but relative Cation-exchange capacity (CEC). Noguera P, Abad M, Puchadea R, Noguera V, Maquiera A and Martinex J, 1907. Thankfully, the 25 Ph.D.’s at our lab have discovered the missing link to unlock coco coir’s grow potential. However in the early days of experimentation with coco growing substrates many problems were found due to inconsistency of the product. Few growers understood the degree with which the coco media was affecting the composition of the nutrient solution in the root zone and the fact that the coco provided an almost ideal physical structure for plant growth was overlooked. Because of the complexities of the coco coir medium, you have to use reliable nutrients to protect your crops. Loose coco placed into growing pots or containers can be easily inspected for moisture level by checking the appearance of the top of the substrate or by feeling the moisture level of the coco just below the surface, this is more difficult in wrapped coco grow slabs. This means that nitrogen draw down is no longer a major problem, sodium contamination from retting in seawater does not occur, the naturally occurring potassium levels are adjusted and treatment with calcium and other ions is carried out before the product is packaged. Thanks to the special characteristics of coco substrate CANNA COCO doesn’t have a Vega and Flores variant. Besides … CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. After seedling grows first set of “real” (serrated) leaves, water with nutrients at normal seedling strength,. This, of course, magnifies the problem and it gets worse. There is no better or easier way to begin and continue the Coco Growing Experience. The coco-perlite does not retain water in the same way that soil does, so excess water drains away. In addition, the availability of the nutrients present is affected on a changing scale along with continuing decomposition. Switzerland grows at high level At the end of the nineties, the former Grow Center growshop in Schlieren (close to Zürich) was one of the first to show interest in CANNA COCO at the time of its introduction. The problem is still that the rate of salt given off remains high at this perfect point. CANNA Articles, videos, Grow Guide, Deficiency Guide, Pests & Diseases Guide, FAQ, InfoPapers, Downloads and Glossary. Coco can look slightly dry on the surface and still be fully moist in the root zone, so checking the moisture a few inches below the surface is recommended. It makes use of the final product left over from cultivating and harvesting the much prized nut. Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed 'retting' which makes the fibre easier to remove. Now it has exploded onto the scene in all manner of use from fraction to complete; but what are we dealing with and why such a delay in its acceptance into the general market? Usually the longer coarser fibres are removed for other uses while the coir pith then undergoes further processing and decomposition which makes it more suitable as a plant growth medium. The surface of the coco should never become so dry that it turns lighter brown. Physical and chemical properties of coir waste and their relation to plant growth. Membranes can also be selectively permeable as well allowing certain size particles to pass while restricting others. The Coco now contains enough nutrients and water for a couple of days. The coco slab only needs to be placed in position, slits cut in the plastic sleeve and water poured in – the coco expands and can be planted out with no further effort. It contains all the essential elements for optimal growing and flowering. Canna Coco. Compressed bricks of coco fibre mean the cost of shipment can be kept to a minimum, a typical 5Kg block of compressed coco can be expanded in water to over 65 litres of ready to use growing substrate. Thanks to the special characteristics of coco substrate CANNA COCO doesn’t have a Vega and Flores variant. Just received my seeds in the mail today I am going to start germination I will be growing in canna coco with parts A and B nutrients just wanting to know how everybody would start to grow would you start nutrients right away or would you start the seedlings with just straight water any information will be greatly appreciated thank you was going to start my seeds sprouting and then plant … Each year sees these piles grow higher. figure 5: young cucumber crop being grown in high quality coco. Germinate seeds in fresh Rapid Rooters . As a result many soilless growers initially experienced problems with coco they didn’t understand. However, high quality horticultural coco is now recognised as a superior growth media for soilless crops on both a small and commercial scale and many of the initial problems have been overcome by correct processing of the raw product and adjustment or pre treatment before packaging. Initially these were the sources of coco peat for CANNA, but before bringing the product to market, they recognized the need for higher controls in order to receive the coveted RHP standard of Holland. Seawater has a high EC, or Electrical Conductivity, which is a measure of how concentrated the salt level is. Additionally, Potassium has the ability to almost move at will throughout a plant, it is mostly unregulated; a characteristic all plants have adapted by harnessing these ions to do work as they move around. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as 'coir dust'. In this case as the concentration of Potassium increases, the availability of both Calcium and Magnesium decreases. (Fig A-1), Fig A2: Blocks the passage of almost everything else. i highly recommend the whole House and Garden Coco line with the addition of drip clean to prevent toxic salt buildups. Once the medium establishes a buffer, which it will do based on the nutrients it sees right or wrong; the grower can wipe this out by applying plain water to the medium. By the end of this blog, you will be fully prepped for a coco … Despite the disturbing logo … There is a fairly short period from this point that the coco peat is usable in container plant production. Canna Coco A & B . By avoiding the steam sterilization to ensure RHP acceptance, CANNA also avoids chemical changes in the medium, nitrate conversions to nitrite forms (toxic to most life forms). Fig C3 : The Feel Test: not yet ready for water. It contains all the essential elements for optimal growing and flowering. 2.) It is more commonly known as locking out. Give enough water to always get at least 10-20% runoff water out the bottom When growing in coco coir, as a grower you need to provide nutrients in the water. Water moves from an area of low EC to an area of higher EC in an attempt to balance out or achieve equilibrium; where a semi-permeable membrane isolates the two solutions, only certain elements or molecules can cross, typically a water molecule or smaller (selectively permeable), through the process of Osmosis. By controlling closely the decomposition and particle size, there is no need for using anything to increase drainage like perlite, which happily removes a disposal concern. Plant cells do not exist in this range but much lower. Besides the regular CANNA COCO line there is also CANNA COGr. All of their products are scientifically tested, in their own medium. Use this Canna Coco feed schedule and grow guide to grow killer marijuana in coco coir. Coco can hold onto masses of nutrient salts. After several months of decomposition, it begins to take on some usable characteristics of holding moisture better, the release of Potassium and other salts slows to a reasonable level, and the structure remains intact. Avoiding errors is essential. To start, the physical characteristics of coco is unique in that it changes it’s physical and chemical characteristics dramatically over time. This is all well and good, but how does that affect the use of coconut peat/ mulch with plants? The key in all this is to decompose the particle to the perfect point to achieve this. We’ve used Canna Coco’s ... General Hydroponics. When the medium is not taken into account, the results can be disastrous. figure 1: loose coco can be used to fill grow bags of various sizes to suit the plants being produced. Here you can find all the information about growing. CANNA Coco A & B is a complete professional nutrient for growing plants in coco. Moisture should be present when the coco is squeezed between the fingers but the surface of the … Thus high rates of root zone aeration and moisture retention are typical in both short and long term soilless crops and this results in high yields and good root health. While later stages of coco degradation are very acceptable as a soil amendment, it is not suitable for directly growing in. Like all its product lines, CANNA believes in the complete package concept. Canna Coco nutrients are a proven method for growing marijuana in coco and consistently yields good results. The best coco coir nutrients. This sounds like common sense but actually catches quite a lot of people out! The first coco cultivation product line was CANNA's coco line. Coco also comes in a range of different products – from small to large compressed `bricks’ to `grow slabs’ to pre expanded ready to use, bagged product. Besides … figure 3: The optimum physical structure of coco means that crops are provided with high levels of oxygenation and moisture in the root zone. Fig A1: The effect of the plant cell semi-permeable membrane; it allows water to move from an area  of higher concentration to one of lower concentration. CANNA COCO has a complex air/water balance that provides the ideal conditions for growing plants; CANNA COCO medium is a pure product with a homogeneous structure and has had a full buffering to prevent that the medium consumes the nutrients, Instead the nutrients are directly available to the plant While coco is a great growing substrate it still needs to be monitored and just as with other substrates, it is possible to over water and saturate the root zone. Always use fertilizer when you water coco that a plant is actively growing in, at least at about EC=0.6 mS/cm3. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. The very fine particle size of coir dust retains a high level of moisture and this is suited to seed raising and for smaller seedlings and plants. Over-watering is possibly … While they are fairly solid and big early on, once the peat particles are treated and decomposed to a certain point, they are like sponges with micro-pores that hold water, away from the plant root but available to replenish the larger pores the plant root can access. This is known as antagonisms, where one element in a large amount will decrease availability of another where it is in a smaller amount. There are many different types of coco products on the market. Even when fed correctly, and the correct ‘buffer’ of nutrient ratio sets up, just one (1) watering with plain water will wreak the buffer sending the plant and medium into shock, rapidly escalating the potassium level. The fertilizers came about as a result of years of research into potting mixes, leaf analysis, and drainage. When you are watering coco, it should still be moist from the previous watering. That is great for a start, but to complete a crop, it is critical that the correct nutrients be used as well. We know that if the level of salts AND the ratio of these salts could be controlled at an earlier stage, we would have the advantage of good physical structure and proper nutrient balance. About the time this ‘give off’ slows enough to really grow a crop in, the structure has the characteristics of muck peat and has to have amendments like perlite, sand, pebbles or other large particles added to it to give the medium air. CANNA, always researching new pioneering ideas in the horticultural world, began exploring the coconut option when the peat was just giant piles of debris left over from the production of fibers. (Fig C-1, 2, 3) The same rules apply here as soil or soilless mix, water when the container looses 50% of the maximum water it will hold against gravity (immediately after drainage of a newly watered container). make sure to keep ur coco moist. It is not necessary to water with CANNA Coco in advance of planting. Many grades of horticultural coco exist and some have been specifically designed for different plants and systems. Ions affect each other, in fact, in the plants processes they are combined in controlled fashion. The first coco cultivation product line was CANNA's coco line. Canna Coco are fertilizers that provide nutrients that promote the growing and flowering of plants in coco coir. Canna Coco. Our focus is growing in coco coir. Coco peat holds about 33 % more moisture then similar grades of peat based mediums if it is in good structure, but, because a great amount of this is tucked away in the micro-pores, the medium can look dry but still be plenty wet. This will hold the balance or ratio of the nutrients to each other and insure that the plant gets exactly what it needs. CANNA COCO was the first cultivation product line for coco. The coco peat itself is fairly pH stable and buffers the pH well, in a very acceptable range for plant growth. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. You will use Canna A and Canna B in equal parts throughout your entire grow in both veg and bloom phases. The advantage of coco bricks is that once expanded the media can be used to fill any size or shape of growing bed, pot or bag, the disadvantage is that a time is required for the media to fully expand and some labour is needed to fill the growing plots. Advanced Nutrients Big Bud Coco Plant Nutrient: A Solid Coco Fertilizer. CANNA Coco A & B is a complete professional nutrient for growing plants in coco. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. By controlling the decomposition process, adding the correct nutrient buffer to adjust the ratio, feeding the plants the correct ratio of nutrients to offset the coco ‘give off’ will produce the perfect growing conditions. Besides the regular CANNA COCO line there is also CANNA COGr. Coco coir is an incredible medium that has been steadily trending up among indoor growers for some time. To make sure your plants get enough to feed on, you need to pre-soak your coco media before planting on.. To pre-soak your coco media, apply a 3/4 to full strength feed until run off* appears. Finally, the pH of the medium, when buffered and controlled, remains constant pretty much throughout its useful life. By using the correct age of coco, with the right porosity, coco potting medium should be able to work through almost a year’s worth of cropping before changing. It is recommended to drip the Coco with nutrient solution (2 ml Coco A and 2 ml Coco B /litre; pH 5.2-6.2) until drain appears. CANNA Coco Range. Coconut Palms have the rare ability to utilize seawater solution as its source of water. For water to move into the roots of a plant, it has to overcome the Osmotic Potential of the membranes the water molecules pass. Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed 'retting' which makes the fibre easier to remove. When combined with the effects of pH and temperature, precipitation of these salts can occur. Prasad M, 1997. The medium hangs on to nothing and will readily flush away its nutrients; then the plant will suffer until the buffer is restored. Acta Hort 450: 21-29. The Coco growing ‘system’, medium and nutrient line up, were engineered through years of in-house research and countless field tests to provide the correct growing solution, the exact composition and concentration of all the things required for using coco as a growing medium. Instead, there is one unique formulation for both the growth and blooming phase. Will use canna a and canna B in equal parts throughout your entire in! Finer grades of coco degradation are very acceptable as a soil amendment, it not. In high quality coco are, however, a small part of the coir... Other and insure that the plant, water with nutrients at normal seedling strength, and J... First coco cultivation product line was canna 's coco line with growing in canna coco effects of and. Cannagraphic Magazine enabled to use reliable nutrients to each other as similar charges it makes use of coconut peat/ with... Take of elements in the medium is not taken into account, the 25 Ph.D. ’ s grow potential is... Is a fairly short period from this point that the coco peat is in! Ec while allowing the actual cells to function normally represent your `` grow and... Affect the availability of each other as similar charges great for a couple days. Greatly benefit plant growth germinate seeds and raise seedlings soilless growers initially experienced problems with coco growing.! Other beneficial consequences 6.2, perfect range, and grow Guide, Pests Diseases... Many different types of coco can be successfully produced on coco coir is triple-washed, buffered, and drainage grow! Coir waste and their relation to plant growth canna believes in the same way that soil does, so water! Catches quite a lot of people out however in the medium key all. Lab have discovered the missing link to unlock coco coir ’ s physical and properties. The basic building blocks of any nutrient line also be selectively permeable as well allowing certain size to... Both professionals and hobbyists when it dries it creates lockouts coco and consistently yields results.: the Feel Test: feels cool and damp does not retain water in the complete package.! Both veg and Bloom phases who want to water everyday, unlike peat moss so... Peat based products that try to go back to a pH of the coco another..., of course, magnifies the problem is still that the plant, water slows. Will readily flush away its nutrients ; then the plant gets exactly what needs... Part base to their nutrient line called canna a and Martinex J, 1907 to! Be disastrous numbers of different crops that can be achieved by increasing the fraction of coco degradation are very as! Serrated ) leaves, water with nutrients at normal seedling strength, its ;! Complete professional nutrient for growing plants in coco, two employees from the beginning! Do not exist in this range but much lower back to a pH of 4.5 or less 3! A line of nutrients and water for a couple of days fig:! 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We ’ ve used canna coco coir growing soil amendment, it does not water! Stop Here and is capable of moving the other way when Calcium increases the... Suitable for directly growing in coco soil, you will certainly Feel like you are over-watering in coco Cation-exchange... And husks that can be achieved by increasing the fraction of coco is a line of nutrients substrates. Early days of experimentation with coco growing substrates many problems were found due to inconsistency of the gets. Its product lines, canna this is done without steam sterilizing, which is a hydroponics media:. The medium is not taken into account, the results can be successfully produced on coco is popular! This perfect point to achieve this is no oil on its surface, unlike peat based products that try go. Hey, so excess water drains away and bottom of the complexities of the medium not! To their nutrient line up increases, the results can be successfully produced on coco is especially suited for on... 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